Great Britain was once one of the world’s most powerful nations, with one of the most powerful militaries in the world at their disposal, and with a great deal of colonies to profit from. The United States won their independence after taking 13 British Colonies on North American soil, and expelling the British from them indefinitely. The question is: How did a ragtag, disorganized bunch colonists wrest 13 colonies from one of the most powerful, looming nations in the world?
The Founding Fathers were in Great Britain at the command of the King of Great Britain, and declared the colonies be independent of British rule, for the tyranny perpetuated by King George as described in the Declaration of Independence. When word reached the King, troops were sent to retake the colonies. However, Great Britain’s immense expansion at the time was what led to their downfall. The British colonies were vast, and war between American revolutionaries and British loyalists split the colonies up. Due to the colonies being on a separate continent, and the sheer size of such colonies, the British army - as impressive as it was, was not able to establish a stable foothold in them. In this case, the size of Great Britain’s colonies and the inability of the British army effectively consolidate and wrest control proved to be one of their greatest weaknesses.
Another key factor was the enlistment of aid from other European nations during the Revolutionary War. In particular, Spain and France jumped to the aid of the Revolutionaries, for several reasons. First and foremost, both of these countries had conflict with Europe for entirely different reasons - and recognized that they shared a common enemy with the American colonists. In addition, both Spain and France recognized the tyranny that King George brought unto his subjects, and were concerned about being subject to such a rule in the future. The aid of European nations caused problems for Britain in the sense that they were now fighting a war on multiple fronts - both in Europe and in America.
One final aspect that gave the American colonists an advantage over the British was their usage of non-traditional battle tactics. During the 1700s, it was seen as dishonorable to partake in ambushes, betrayal, and other aspects of guerilla warfare. The British did not expect the colonists to fight in such a way, and presumed that traditional European warfare would remain the norm; British troops would proudly march into the streets of American cities in bright colors, with their weapons holstered, expecting the same for the opposition. The colonists learned such foreign methods of subterfuge after having been in the Americas for several years, fighting with indigenous societies and learning different ways of war.
The American Revolution is one of great importance, for the United States would almost certainly be nonexistent if the colonies had been lost to the colonists. Due to such foreign tactics being used in the war, the aid of other European nations being present to the Americans, and the utter size of the colonies that the British had to establish complete control over, a disorganized, inexperienced group of bold colonists were able to seize their freedom from a tyrannical and domineering government. The intricacies of how events like these occurred in the past are important to remember when writing history, as they provide a complete picture for us to see in ensuring that mistakes from the past are never repeated.